Finance and the finance system is one of the most complex and difficult things to understand in our society, but it is also one of the most important. Money is one of the most important things in our society as it determines so much about our lives and people work 40+ hours a week to make sure that they have enough money. It determines what our quality of life is like, if people have a lot of money, they tend to have less stress and their quality of life is higher as they can afford luxuries such as holidays, clothes, and cars. If people don’t have much money they tend to be more stressed as not only can they not afford the luxuries that help to improve quality of life, but often they can’t even afford basic necessities like their rent, food, and heating. As money is so important, this makes anything to do with finance important, but often people struggle to understand the finance system as many people aren’t good with numbers. The finance system covers everything from how national banks work and how they operate to control things such as the inflation rate, to how to make the best investments to diversify your investment portfolio to how loans and borrowing money works. If you’re in a position where you need to borrow money, whether this is to invest it to make more money or it’s to make ends meet, we’ve found all the information you’ll need to understand how personal loans work.
What is a loan?
A loan in some circumstances is very useful, it is a commitment between two parties, usually a company/individual and a bank or loan company. In this agreement one party will lend the other party an agreed amount of money, A loan is beneficial to both parties as the company or individual may have no other way to acquire capital so this is helpful to them and, loans are paid back with an interest rate which benefits the lender as they’re making money.
How interest rates work
Interest rates are always changing and they’re really important as if you have a high-interest rate on your loan it can become difficult for you to pay it back. An interest rate is attached to the loan and is written clearly in any loan agreement that both party’s sign. There is a simple interest which means each monthly repayment will be the same as it will be a percentage of the whole loan or compound interest which means it will be a certain percentage of how much is still owed of the loan. Interest rates are determined by many different factors and some loan agreements state that the interest rate is subject to change over the length of the loan agreement.
Different loan types
There are many different types of loans available out there for people or businesses to borrow. A personal loan is one type of loan and in its simplest terms is a payday loan that is guaranteed. These loans on average are paid back over 12 months but can be paid back for as long as 84 months in some cases. Some other types of loans include credit card loans, which act as an overdraft, student loans which can only be used to pay college fees, car loans which are used if you’re wanting to buy a car on finance and small business loans which are an incentive to help small companies as it is difficult to start up a small company.
What is loan collateral?
Loan collateral is something that is used to protect the lender when 2 parties agree to a loan agreement. As there is no guarantee that the borrower will ever pay back the money, the lender can take assets such as houses or cars as loan collateral as both an incentive for the borrower to pay the money back and as protection for if they don’t. If the loan is not paid back, the investor can seize the asset is as a way to get back some of their lost money.